Transactions in the foreign exchange market and the exchange of different currencies. One currency is traded for another in the currency exchange market only. Currently the market is by far the largest financial market in the world. |
The trade in the forex market includes trading of different currencies between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, multinational corporations, governments, and other financial markets and institutions. The individuals represent a tiny fraction of this market and by a licensed broker or a bank, and most of the time are subject to forex fraud.
The foreign exchange market is unique because of many factors such as its trading volumes, its geographical dispersion and the extreme liquidity of the market. In addition to the large number and variety of players in the foreign exchange market and its trading partners for hours in this round is to run the clock all week except on weekends makes it unique.
The average daily turnover in traditional foreign exchange markets is estimated to be over $3 trillion. This is more than ten times as large as the total daily turnover on the stock exchanges in the world. Foreign exchange trade has more than doubled since 2001; this is largely due to the growing importance of currency exchange rate as an asset. The Internet trading platform has made it easier for retail trade in the market.
Essentially the foreign exchange market is an over the counter market where the dealers negotiate directly with each another. The largest center of foreign exchange trade, the United Kingdom. Majority of the trade is handled by the institutions like Deutsche Bank, UBS AG, Citigroup incorporated, Royal Bank of Scotland, Barclays Capital, Bank of America, HSBC, Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley. This large international banks are often the market with buying and selling of various currencies at the foreign exchange market. Minimum trading size for most of the deals is usually kept at 100,000 units of that particular currency; this is a known popularly as a standard lot. Unlike a stock exchange, the Forex foreign exchange is divided into levels of access. This is due to volume of transactions. The central banks of various countries participate in the foreign exchange market for currencies to adjust their economic needs.
The bank may trade on behalf of customers, but much of the trading is done by the banks for their own account. A significant share of this market comes from the financial assets of several companies to pay foreign currency for goods or services, their jobs often have small / large short-term impact on the foreign exchange money market rates. There are two types of retail brokers who participate in the market such as the brokers offering speculative trading and brokers offering physical delivery of the bought currency on the foreign exchange market. Fluctuations in exchange rates are usually by streams of real money as well as by expectations of currency cash flow from changes in GDP growth, inflation, interest rates, budget deficits or surpluses, and caused commercial or other economic conditions of each country. The foreign exchange of currencies are traded against one another; each pair of currencies thus constitutes an individual product. Although the rates on the foreign exchange market are affected by many factors, in the end are currency prices are the result of forces of supply and demand, so its value is influenced not by a single element, but from different.
There are few specific terms that are used frequently in the foreign exchange currency trade like spot. A spot transaction is a transaction that is for the supply of two days, this trade is a direct exchange between two currencies, it is about the shortest time. Next is the Forward, in this type of transaction, money on the forex market does not actually change hands until some agreed upon future date. Speculation also plays a major part in the foreign exchange market and it may cause some currencies to fall or gain for a short time period.
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